Highlighting Keywords Found In Search Results

A common question in the forums is how to highlight key words found in search results. Here's an extension method that does that, both for partial matches, or whole word matches.


/// <summary>
/// Wraps matched strings in HTML span elements styled with a background-color
/// </summary>
/// <param name="text"></param>
/// <param name="keywords">Comma-separated list of strings to be highlighted</param>
/// <param name="cssClass">The Css color to apply</param>
/// <param name="fullMatch">false for returning all matches, true for whole word matches only</param>
/// <returns>string</returns>
public static string HighlightKeyWords(this string text, string keywords, string cssClass, bool fullMatch)
{
  if (text == String.Empty || keywords == String.Empty || cssClass == String.Empty)
    return text;
  var words = keywords.Split(new[] { ',' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
  if (!fullMatch)
    return words.Select(word => word.Trim()).Aggregate(text,
                 (current, pattern) =>
                 Regex.Replace(current, 
                                 pattern,
                                   string.Format("<span style=\"background-color:{0}\">{1}</span>", 
                                   cssClass, 
                                   "$0"),
                                   RegexOptions.IgnoreCase));
  return words.Select(word => "\\b" + word.Trim() + "\\b")
              .Aggregate(text,(current, pattern) => 
                        Regex.Replace(current, 
                        pattern,
                          string.Format("<span style=\"background-color:{0}\">{1}</span>", 
                          cssClass, 
                          "$0"),                                           
                          RegexOptions.IgnoreCase));

}

The method uses Regex, so when you add it to a class, make sure you reference System.Text.RegularExpressions. As you can see, it applies a background colour to a span, so a valid CSS colour needs to be passed in. I haven't added any validation to the method to check for a valid colour, but it wouldn't be too difficult to do. For Hex colours, the test would be 6 characters, numbers (0-9) or letters (a-f). RGB colours are composed of 3 sets of numbers between 0 and 255. And there is a finite list of 16 HTML colour names, although you might want to accept SVGA colour names too, which are supported by most browsers. More details on colours can be found here. Alternatively, you can alter the html that this method produces so that the argument can be CSS class name rather than a colour.

As it is, here's how to use it within MVC where I shall pass in the following to the View:


ViewData["temp"] = "aster faster plaster mastering forecaster.";

Within the View itself, using the full word matches option:


<div><%= ViewData["temp"].ToString().HighlightKeyWords("aster", "yellow", true)%></div>


which results in the following:

Changing true to false results nicely in this:

Using the method in Web Forms is easy too. Assuming that a search result has been passed to a DataBound control with an ItemTemplate, here's how it might look:


<ItemTemplate>
   <asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" Text='<%# Eval("mySearchResult").ToString().HighlightKeyWords("aster", "yellow", true) %>' />
</ItemTemplate>

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8 Comments

- anooj

Nice,,,,It's very useful.

- dimitris

Very nice, solid implementation. Came in handy thank you very much.

- Atit

Hi,

The solution provided to highlight the terms on web page works okay for single terms. But it is not working if there is a space between the terms.

e.g. searches fine if "companies" is the input
but doesn't work if "companies act" is the input

- kishor

it will give an error if I give a single ( or ) as a keyword

- leo

Hi there,

do you think it would be possible to improve this code for matching provided keywords ignoring accented letters?
for examples if I specify "coupe" as my keyword and I'd like to match coupé in a phrase contains "coupé".

Do you think it would be possible?
I can't find an elegant way.

Regards
Leo

- Mike

@Leo

Thre's a solution to that in: this Stackoverflow post

- Irfan Khan

This is truely helpful. Thank you for the brilliant tip.

- Péter Fuchs

Great Solution. Thx

I get the following Exception: "System.ArgumentNullException: Value cannot be null. Parameter name: input"

I changed your string empty check like this:
if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(text) || String.IsNullOrEmpty(keywords) || String.IsNullOrEmpty(cssClass))
return text;

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